An echocardiogram (also called an echo) is a non-invasive test that uses sound waves to create a detailed, moving picture of the heart and valves. This test allows your doctor to evaluate the functioning of your heart. It is often used to measure pumping function in those with heart failure or to determine the extent of damage after a heart attack. An echocardiogram can be used to diagnose, evaluate and monitor a number of conditions, including:

  • Abnormal heart valves
  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Congenital heart disease
  • Heart murmurs
  • Infections in the sac around the heart (pericarditis) or the heart valves (infectious endocarditis)
  • Pulmonary hypertension